Closed circuit television (CCTV) footage can be absolutely critical in the investigation of crimes, with footage caught on camera often proving to be a decisive piece of evidence. For the investigating officers, its a time-consuming process, but one that can be crucial to the conviction of perpetrators.
Common Uses of CCTV for Police Patrol vehicle in-car cameras Training Robbery investigation Crime scene processing Undercover surveillance Tactical operations Vehicle collision investigation Interrogation Video line-up
Immediate Benefits of CCTV in an Investigation Identifies suspects, witnesses & vehicles involved Identifies forensic A opportunities Indicates entry & exit Points from the scene of an incident Identifies behaviour before, during & after an incident Verifies witness/ suspect accounts Establishes a timeline of events Provides evidence of reconnaissance by a suspect
Outcomes of CCTV in an Investigation
Process for Retrieving CCTV Footage Check time & date on the system If relevant, either secure the tape as evidence or get the disc copied View the footage Determine whether or not the material is relevant Intelligence sys ems Make notes as to why it is/isn’t relevant Finish and pursue other lines of enquiry
Steps in Disseminating CCTV Footage
Guidelines for Using CCTV Footage as Evidence There must be proof that recorded footage was handled continuously from moment of recording to production in court. The video recording medium must be the original recording. There must be no evidence of editing, interference with or manipulation of recorded footage. The recording should have a time & date. It should also be long enough to establish the facts that it is intended to prove.
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